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Sexuality Studies 400/Psychology 450/Sociology 400: (All students in the course must submit a complete paper or they will not be able to pass the course).

I. Due Date and Submission Requirements: Monday, May 4th in class at 11:10. We do not accept late work. Students will submit both an electronic copy to ILearn and a hard copy to your TA. The written and the electronic versions must be EXACTLY the same or we will not consider any points for the paper. The electronic copy must also be submitted to ILearn by Monday, May 4th by 10am. The hard copy is due one hour later at the beginning of class.

II. Essay Topic/Content Expectations for the seven-page paper.

A. Carefully follow these steps:

1. Read the following article recently published in the New York Times Magazine about the Richard Thomas hate crimes case in Oakland, CA. You will be analyzing the case and providing a social scientific explanation accounting for the dynamics at work in the case.

2. Read Dr. Sear’s book Arresting Dress: Cross-dressing, law, and fascination in Nineteenth-Century San Francisco. You will need to be familiar with the major concepts and the empirical research reviewed in Sears.

3. Locate a research article focused on violence towards sexual and gender minorities using the SFSU Library article databases.

4. You will be using Google Scholar to locate the article. Read the entry in Wikipedia about “Google Scholar”. This entry will help you understand how Google Scholar works: Read this entry before conducting a search in Google Scholar.

5. Log into your SFSU Library account. You will be able to access full articles for free from your computer at home, as well as on campus. Here are instructions for on and off campus access to library materials:

6. Log into the SFSU Library using your student name, number and password. Go to the following SFSU Library page: Under the heading “General Interest Databases,” click on “Google Scholar.” Accessing Google Scholar from the SFSU library will enable Google Scholar to let you know if the SFSU Library has access to any given article you might find in Google Scholar. You should not have to pay for access to articles.

7. Use Google Scholar and locate a single research article on the topic published in the last 10 years. The article you locate must be based on social research, not an opinion or propaganda. To help you determine if the article is social research, read through the criteria listed at the following website: “Evaluating Sources of

Information” Ask you Teaching Assistant if you have any reservations about the article you have chosen.

8. Choose a research article that addresses some aspect of violence toward gender and sexual minorities.

9. Visit your Teaching Assistant and/or Dr. Carrington during office hours to discuss your search for an article, as well as to discuss the thesis statement for the paper.

B. Essay Topic & Personal Reflection Based on the book by Dr. Sears, the article about the Sasha Fleischman assault, the

research article you locate via SFSU/Google Scholar, as well as other assigned course readings (including Roughgarden), develop a plausible social-scientific explanation accounting for violence against sexual and gender minorities. The essay should provide a plausible explanation explaining the character, extent and reasons why these forms of violence persist in human populations based on the scientific evidence. The essay should consider the following kinds of questions:

! What factors seem most important in encouraging and/or legitimating

violence against gender and sexual minorities? ! Based on the evidence, are there historical, psychological, sociological or

ecological factors that trigger and/or perpetuate such violence? ! Why did some societies develop extensive prohibitions and laws against

gender variation and others did not? ! Identify the sociological and psychological characteristics of people who

support and/or enact such violence. ! Have these forms of violence increased or decreased over time in American

culture? Why and what evidence exists that supports your answer? ! Based on your analysis of why these forms of violence persist and the factors

that trigger and/or perpetuate them, are there factors that diminish this kind of violence? Are there differences between different societies or different social groups or different social institutions that appear important to diminishing these forms of violence? What evidence supports your answer?

1. Overview Write the essay as if you were writing to someone who is literate, but who has

never heard the essay prompt or read the book or the articles, and you want to explain how the concepts/evidence would help them understand the topic:

Make sure to use a clear, focused, and well-developed thesis statement to organize the essay. One can read up on thesis statements here:

2. Application of Course Concepts a). Compare and contrast the perspective of the articles with one another and with

perspectives covered in other course readings.

b). Apply theoretical perspectives covered in course lectures/readings that would help illuminate the issues addressed by the question.

III. Essay Format Guidelines:

A. Length: 7 pages give or take ¼ page (no longer, no shorter) not including the references/bibliography page. Use 12 point Times New Roman font. Use standard 1.25 margins (In Microsoft Word, Go to File, Page Set Up to set margins).

B. Thesis and Introduction: A Clear, Focused and Well Developed Thesis Statement Must Appear in the First Paragraph. Please underline the thesis statement. All work must be typewritten (Size 12 point font: Times New Roman), double-spaced with 1.25-inch margins. Use standard indentation of three or five spaces. Please write in essay form. Begin the essay in an inviting, enticing, perhaps provocative, way: provide an interesting quotation, begin with a startling statistic, ask a provocative question, recount a story, or tell a joke pertinent to your topic. Then move toward a thesis or a controlling statement. The thesis should provide a framework for the entire essay. In addition, the introductory paragraph should briefly state what the essay will cover and suggest a tone for the paper. You can read about thesis statements on-line at The Guide to Grammar and Writing website:

C. Paragraph and Sentence Style Each paragraph within the essay should possess a topic sentence. The topic

sentence links the paragraph to your paper thesis and reinforces the thesis of the essay. One should accompany the topic sentence of each paragraph with at least five sentences illustrating and elaborating upon your topic sentence. Effective paragraphs usually consist of at least five solid sentences. Please make smooth transitions between paragraphs. One can locate information about transitional sentences and phrases at the The Guide to Grammar and Writing website: Please write in gender inclusive language (for example: use ‘human’ instead of ‘man’).

IV. Citation Expectations

Use accurate and extensive citation (5 per page/35 overall are required). We do not mean five quotations, but rather five citations (on average) per page. Please seek assistance if you find the distinction between citation and quotation confusing.

Please use the Chicago Manual of Style or the APA citation format common to sociology, psychology and human sexuality studies. You can choose either style, but not

others. I recommend the Chicago style given its simplicity, ease of use, and widespread use in sexuality research. One can locate the rules for and examples of each style at the following website: If one follows the Chicago style, one simply includes the following information at end of the sentence: (author’s last name, year of publication, colon, two spaces, and the page number).

For example: Laws intended to strip women of autonomy and control over their own bodies proliferated with the rise of the patriarchal states (Carson 1991: 136). Notice, this is not a direct quotation, but rather a paraphrase of Carson’s point. This citation prevents plagiarism as well as gives credit to Carson for the ideas and evidence.

Please do not use extensive quotation. Paraphrase quotations. If you must use a quotation, because you cannot accurately rephrase the quote without plagiarizing, follow the quote with the author’s name, a comma, the year of publication, a colon, two spaces, and the page number, all in parenthesis, same as above. However, one also provides quotation marks around the quoted materials. The essay must provide a references page. This references page will constitute page 8 of the essay. Please include both the books and the research articles on the reference page. Do not include any other sources.

V. Major Check List: Major Compositional And Organizational Concerns. Students will lose at least 10pts for each one of these six criteria if missing or undeveloped: 1. ___Does the introductory paragraph use an easily identifiable and well-developed

thesis statement? Please refresh your knowledge about using a thesis statement at:

2. ___Does the essay contain the required number of citations (35 total or 5 per page on average)? Providing this citation prevents plagiarism and keeps the essay closely knit to course readings.

3. ___Do most paragraphs use clear topic sentences linking the paragraph to the thesis statement?

4. ___Does the essay make extensive use of empirical evidence (quantitative or qualitative) ?

5. ___Does the essay use a transitional sentence or transitional phrase between every paragraph? Such transitions enable smooth and logical flow across paragraphs. See for assistance with transitional words, phrases and sentences.

6. ___Does the essay contains the required number of pages within ¼ page?

VII. Minor Check List: Students will lose 2pts each for failing to abide by each of these twelve criteria: 1. ___ Did you underline the thesis statement and make sure it’s in the first paragraph? 2. ___Does the essay open with an enticing and inviting quotation, question,

observation, or fact? 3. ___Does the paper use a 1.25 inch margin (standard) on all sides of every page? 4. ___Does a page number appear on every page of the essay? 5. ___Do most paragraphs consist of at least five sentences, and rarely more than eight? 6. ___Does the essay italicize (not underline or quote) book/journal/website titles? 7. ___Does the essay include a well-developed conclusion paragraph? 8. ___Does the essay indent each new paragraph (3 or 5 spaces)? 9. ___Does the essay avoid skipping lines between paragraphs? 10. ___Does the essay use 12 point font, Times New Roman style, and double spacing? 11. ___Does the essay use block quote (indent all text 5 spaces on both right and left

margins and single space the type) for quotations extending three or more lines? 12. ___Do not use report covers or title pages. Simple print your full name and student

ID on the top right of page 1 of the essay.

VIII. Final Submission Issues Before submission, ask someone reasonably literate to read the essay. Turn in a hard copy to one’s assigned Teaching Assistant on the due date and an electronic copy to Ilearn. Instructions for electronic submission are on the next page.

IX. Electronic Submission Procedures for Plagiarism Detection at ILearn: 1. Any paper that exceeds 20% similarity to another paper or other sources will simply be

ignored and will earn 0 points. This paper must be your own original work and put in your own words (i.e., paraphrased).

2. When you’re done with your essay, save it in one of the following formats: Microsoft Word (.doc), WordPerfect (.wpd), Rich Text Format (.rtf), Adobe Acrobat (.pdf), PostScript, Hypertext Mark-up Language (.htm), or plain text (.txt)

3. Log onto iLearn ( using your SFSU ID and PAC. 4. Click on the class (SXS400). 5. Click the Turnitin assignment in Section 3: “Review Essay Plagiarism Detection”. 6. Read the instructions and click: “My Submissions”.

7. Key your name in as the file name, click “Browse” to select the file with your essay, click “Add Submission”.

8. If you have loaded the wrong paper, click “no, go back” and return to step 6. 9. If this is the correct paper, click “yes, submit”. 10. Do other work while Turnitin searches through its databases, which include billions

of web pages, essays and articles, paper mills and the papers of other students in this course and other SFSU courses.

Viewing and Using the Originality Report

1. Log onto iLearn ( using your SFSU ID and PAC. 2. Click on SXS400. 3. Click the assignment in week 16: “Review Essay Plagiarism Detection”. 4. Click “My Submissions”. 5. If the report box under contents is still grey, Turnitin is not finished analyzing your

work. Try again later.

6. When the report box turns to green/red, click the report box (the colored square). 7. Turnitin displays your essay, color-coding those parts that exactly match any of its

sources. You may explore this online if you wish. Note the percentage of your essay that matches other sources. Academic essays, even research papers, should be mostly your own writing. I would expect no more than 20% of any assignment to be direct quotations and, for some essays, even less. That said, 0% is not necessarily better than 20%—it’s how you use other people’s work to support your own ideas.


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